Instructions on Recaning Chairs

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There is a seven-step sequence to weaving a cane seat. You first lace the cane vertically, from rear seat rail to front seat rail. Second, lace the cane horizontally. Third, weave the cane diagonally. Fourth, put down a second vertical layer. Fifth, weave a second horizontal layer. Sixth, weave a second diagonal layer. Seventh, lace binder cane over the holes. Tie off cane ends beneath the rails as you go.

Before you begin recaning your chair, read the preparation instructions provided on the link below:

Preparing to Cane Chair Seats

Now, you may proceed your chair repair process:

Here are the steps in detail:
Step one: begin vertical strands of cane from center hole in back rail to center hole in front rail. Count the holes to be sure. If there's an even number of holes, start with a hole closest to the center. Push around 4 inches of cane through back center hole, and hold it using a wooden peg. Pull the cane across and down through the front center hole, making sure the smooth side of the cane faces up. Bring the end of the cane on the underside of the front rail and up through the next hole. Then go across seat to the next hole in the back rail and down through. Then over to the next hole, up through it, across to the front rail, and down through the next hole there. Keep on lacing the cane this way until half of the seat is covered. Then cover the other half the same way. Never pull the cane too tight; it would shrink as it dries. Knot the ends.

Step two: Lace the horizontal strands across from side rail to side rail in the same manner. These strands lie on top of the vertical ones.

Step three: Weave the first diagonal strands, starting at the right front corner, over horizontal strands and under vertical strands. To maintain six-pointed star pattern, you may have to put two strands through the same hole, due to the curvature of the side rails.

Step four: Lay a second course of vertical cane over the work thus far, using the same holes as for the first course. This course isn't woven in. Lay cane to the right of the original vertical strands.

Step five: Weave in a second course of horizontal strands, using the same holes as the first course. These strands go below diagonal course and first vertical course, and over second vertical course. Place them to the rear of horizontal strands laid down in step two.

Step six: Weave in a second course of diagonal strands, this time in the opposite direction from the first diagonal course. These weavers always go under all horizontal and over all vertical strands, just the opposite of the way in which diagonal strands were laid down in step three.

Step seven: Fasten the binder cane around the seat's perimeter to cover the cane holes. Binder cane is ordinarily just cane that is one size wider than the cane you use for weaving. Measure adequate length to go around.

Push one end of the binder cane into the corner hole at the right rear corner, and lay out the rest along the back edge of the cane. Choose a long strand of weaving cane, and pull all but 4 inches through the hole next to one where binder started out. Loop end of weaving cane around binder, and pull it through the same hole, tying the binder down. Next, bring the long end of the cane up through the next hole, over the binder, and back down through the same hole. Keep on this with each hole until you have tied the binder down the whole way around. Tuck the end of the binder into the same hole where you started.

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