Composting Using Plastic Bag
A large plastic bag like those large garbage can liner makes for a quick and easy composter. Simply fill the bag with leaves, add a gallon of water, a shovelful of soil, and a pint of lawn fertilizer ("weed and feed" types are not recommended!) or liquid plant food. Store in the garage over winter, and by the time spring comes, you'll have a bag full of ripen compost.
Composting With Garbage Can
The average American family throws away three-quarters of a ton of food each year. These kitchen scraps should be placed in a garbage can and converted into humus for the garden. Garbage can composting is the solution for those in the urban or suburban areas who want to compost kitchen wastes, but have little room. The following suggestions for making your own compost in a garbage can come from The Environmental Education Committee of Rochester, New York:
1. Use a galvanized (or plastic) garbage can that has a lid that has a snug fit, then punch several small holes in the bottom.
2. Add about 3 inches of good soil.
3. Place some "angleworms" or "red worms" (referred to as manure worms or red wrigglers). These are optional, but it does take longer breaking down the compost without them.
4. Put the can on top of two cement blocks with something underneath to catch any liquid that drains out. This liquid is generally odorless and may be used on houseplants, tubbed plants, or garden plants.
5. This is where you throw in kitchen wastes like potato peelings, coffee grounds, lettuce leaves, or tea leaves.
6. For every addition of fresh garbage, cover it with a sprinkling of soil or shredded leaves, grass clippings, newspapers, sawdust and the like.
7. Sprinkling on a little liquid plant food from time to time will fortify the compost. Odor is generally lacking. When coffee grounds are added, they function as a natural deodorant. If odor develops, shredded newspaper takes care of it almost immediately. Grease maybe tolerated in controlled amounts, and so will meat scraps. Chicken bones and egg shells can be added to add calcium. Even when they don't break down right away, they will go down into the soil as filler.
Be mindful of onions and onion skins. The worms will not like them. They do, however, tolerate citrus skins in moderate amounts.
A regular-size garbage can is enough for a family of four with small children. Some start with one can during the fall, then add another if the first one get full before spring, then dump and start over again. Others use two cans simultaneously. The garage is a good area to keep the can. If you have worms in your can, it’s ideal to store them in an area that has above-freezing temperatures.
DIY Compost Tips